Saturday, 15 January 2011
AMELIA EARHART (BY KHAVISHA AND NG LAY MUN)
Amelia Mary Earhart was born on 24 July 1897 in Atchison, Kansas. She was a famous female aviator .Her flying career began in Los Angeles in 1921 when, at age 24, she took flying lessons from Neta Snook and bought her first airplane-- a Kinner Airstar.
After finishing school in the highly-regarded women's college, she took her first flying lesson, in a Curtiss JN-4 Jenny. Six months later, she bought her own airplane, a yellow Kinner Airster, that she dubbed "The Canary." Like Gabby Gabreski, she was not a naturally gifted pilot, but she persevered, built up her flying time, and even broke the woman's altitude record in 1922.
Amelia Earhart became famous because she was the first woman to fly across the Atlantic ocean in the year 1928. She was also the second person to fly solo across the Atlantic in 1932. Moreover she became the first person to solo from Hawaii to California in 1935. Furthermore, she made headlines in the era when aviation gripped the public`s imagination. Earhart was the first woman to receive the U.S. Distinguished Flying Cross, awarded for becoming the first aviatrix to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean.She set many other records,wrote best-selling books about her flying experiences and was instrumental in the formation of The Ninety-Nines, an organization for female pilots.
Amelia Earhart was a widely known international celebrity during her lifetime. Her shyly charismatic appeal, independence, persistence, coolness under pressure, courage and goal-oriented career along with the circumstances of her disappearance at a young age have driven her lasting fame in popular culture.
HER CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE SOCIETY
Amelia Earhart has contributed a lot to the society. She served during World War I as a military nurse in Canada where she developed an interest in flying.She took the place of Amy Guest, the heir to a Pittsburgh steel fortune. Guest's family had forbidden her to make the trip so she had agreed to give up her seat to a women. Amelia jumped at the chance. In 1929 Earhart co-founded the "Ninety-Nines," an international organization of women pilots, which continues today to promote opportunities for women in aviation, and served from 1930 to 1932 as its first president. Amelia Earhart took an active role in efforts to open the field of aviation to women and end male dominance in this exciting new field. She served as an officer of the Luddington line, which provided one of the first regular passenger services between New York and Washington, D.C. In January 1935, she outdid her Atlantic solo by making a solo flight from Hawaii to California, a much longer distance than the Canada-England flight. She became the first pilot to successfully fly that route. Her numerous accomplishments earned her the Distinguished Flying Cross, the first women so designated by the United States Congress.Earhart joined the faculty of the world-famous Purdue University aviation department in 1935 as a visiting faculty member to counsel women on careers and help inspire others with her love for aviation. She was also a member of the National Woman's Party, and an early supporter of the Equal Rights Amendment. Hundreds of articles and scores of books have been written about her life which is often cited as a motivational tale, especially for girls. Earhart is generally regarded as a feminist icon.Earhart's accomplishments in aviation inspired a generation of female aviators, including the more than 1,000 women pilots of the Women Airforce Service Pilots (WASP) who ferried military aircraft, towed gliders, flew target practice aircraft, and served as transport pilots during World War II.A small section of Earhart's Lockheed Electra starboard engine nacelle recovered in the aftermath of the Hawaii crash has been confirmed as authentic and is now regarded as a control piece that will help to authenticate possible future discoveries. The evaluation of the scrap of metal was featured on an episode of History Detectives on Season 7 in 2009. She donated her Lockheed Vega (The Red Bus) to the Franklin Institute in Philadelphia and on her disappearance, some of her awards were returned to the national Geographic society.
In 1931, Amelia made changes in her personal and professional life. She married publisher George Putnam and went on to set an autogyro altitude record. The following year she again accomplished the Atlantic flight which brought her fame, this time as a solo pilot flying from Harbor Grace, Newfoundland, to Londonberry, Ireland, a first for a women.
Amelia Earhart set out in June 1937 to circumnavigate the world. Accompanied by Fred Noonan, her navigator, Amelia Earhart flew her twin engine Lockheed Electra into one of the greatest unsolved mysteries of the 20th century. On the most difficult leg of the trip, Earhart and Noonan vanished near Howland Island in the Pacific. Intense searching by both the American and Japanese forces found no trace of Amelia Earhart, Fred Noonan, or their plane and fueled speculation as to the reason for such a dangerous flight. Many argued that the flight was a reconnaissance flight to gather data on Japan prior to the United States entry into World War II. Many others, especially in the aviation community, held fast that Amelia Earhart was driven by her passion for flying. Though few facts are known about the July 2, 1937 disappearance in the central Pacific near the International Date Line. As a result, Earhart was declared legally dead on January 5, 1939.
Records and achievements
Amelia Earhart received the Cross of Knight of the Legion of Honor from the French Government in June 1932Woman's world altitude record: 14,000 ft (1922)
First woman to fly the Atlantic (1928)
Speed records for 100 km (and with 500 lb (230 kg) cargo) (1931)
First woman to fly an autogyro (1931)
Altitude record for autogyros: 15,000 ft (1931)
First person to cross the U.S. in an autogyro (1932)
First woman to fly the Atlantic solo (1932)
First person to fly the Atlantic twice (1932)
First woman to receive the Distinguished Flying Cross (1932)
First woman to fly non-stop, coast-to-coast across the U.S. (1933)
Woman's speed transcontinental record (1933)
First person to fly solo between Honolulu, Hawaii and Oakland, California (1935)
First person to fly solo from Los Angeles, California to Mexico City, Mexico (1935)
First person to fly solo nonstop from Mexico City, Mexico to Newark, New Jersey (1935)
Speed record for east-to-west flight from Oakland, California to Honolulu, Hawaii (1937)
Books by Earhart
Amelia Earhart was a successful and heavily promoted writer who served as aviation editor for Cosmopolitan magazine from 1928 to 1930. She wrote magazine articles, newspaper columns, essays and published two books based upon her experiences as a flyer during her lifetime:
20 Hrs., 40 Min. (1928) was a journal of her experiences as the first woman passenger on a transatlantic flight. The Fun of It (1932) was a memoir of her flying experiences and an essay on women in aviation. Last Flight (1937) featured the periodic journal entries she sent back to the United States during her world flight attempt, published in newspapers in the weeks prior to her final departure from New Guinea. Compiled by her husband GP Putnam after she disappeared over the Pacific, many historians consider this book to be only partially Earhart's original work.
LAST BUT NOT LEAST, WHY WE HAVE CHOOSEN AMELIA EARHART AS OUR FAVOURITE PERSONALITY??
We have choosen Amelia Earhart as our favourite personality because she has
made a unique and timeless contribution to aviation and to women in aviation which will go unparalleled for decades to come. Morover, she has many admirable qualities in her as we had stated above. She has also proven to us that in this world nothing is impossible and if u believe you can do it then you will success. She has also showed that not only man can do things but also woman. She had built confidence in woman by forming many organizations. She has also inspired many young girls through her articles and score of books and we are one of them. Furthermore, she has also inspired many generation of female aviators through her acomplishments. We are proud of her and she shows a good examples to all woman. She is generally regarded as a feminist icon.We are very proud of her and she will always be remembered.